Skip to main content

Preface

Dear Aspirants,
Dear Aspirants,
We are glad to present the 2nd edition of ‘Indian History’, a book much sought after by the aspirant community for the preliminary examination. 
       The market is already galore with books on Indian History for Civil Services Examination. On top of this, the spurt in electronic media in the recent years has left aspirants confused with loads of unsolicited study materials. With the Damocles sword of ‘time’ hanging over the head of aspirants, too much data is like venturing into a game of fire without a safety cloak. This book has been developed to address this confusion by providing the most relevant and appropriate contents in a crisp manner. 
       We have prepared this book to cater to the needs of the preliminary examination, taking into account the current trends in UPSC examinations. 
      The previous edition of Indian History for Civil Services Examination was well received by the aspirant community and we had received many suggestions to enrich and enhance the content which were carefully incorporated in this edition. 
    We thank the content team of Smart Leaders IAS for their immense contribution in the preparation of this book. Please provide us your feedback and suggestions. We will always strive to improve.
 
Regards, S.SIVARAJAVEL - M.A.SADIK FOUNDER-DIRECTORS(SMART LEADERS IAS)

Table Of Content

CHAPTERSINDEXPAGE NO
 PART I - ANCIENT INDIA 
1

CHRONOLOGY, FOREIGNERS’ ACCOUNT

Foreigner’s Account
Terminology
15-20
2

PRE-HISTORIC CULTURE

Paleolithic
Mesolithic
Neolithic
Chalcolithic
Malwa
21-24
3

INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION

Discovery
Characteristic Features
Polity
Economy
Agriculture
Art and Craft
Religion
Script and Language
Burial
Special Features of Sites
Findings and Evidences
25-41
4

VEDIC AGE

Vedic Literature
Rig Vedic Society
Later Vedic Society
Terminology
42-57
5

BUDDHISM

Chronology
Life of Buddha
History of Buddhism
Teachings of Buddhism
The Buddhist Philosophy
Buddhist Councils
Schism in Buddhism
Buddhist Literature
58-67
6

JAINISM

Chronology
Introduction
Life of Mahavira
Preachings
Philosophy of Jainism
Schism and Councils
Comparison of Buddhism and Jainism
Other Heterodox Sects
68-76
7

MAHAJANAPADAS

Magadhan Dynasties
Haryanka Dynasty
Shishunaga Dynasty
Nanda Dynasty
Foreigners’ Invasions
Persian Invasion
Alexander’s Invasion
77-81
8

MAURYAN EMPIRE

Sources
Chandra Gupta Maurya
Bindusara
Asoka
• Inscriptions of Asoka
• Contents of Edicts of Asoka
Rock Edicts
Pillar Edicts
Asoka’s Dhamma
Mauryan Administration
Welfare Measures by Asoka
Later Mauryas
Mauryan Art
Terminology
82-99
9

SANGAM AGE

Introduction
Three Sangam
Sangam Literature
Sangam Age kingdoms
Sangam Age Administration
Social Life
100-109
10

POST-MAURYA or PRE-GUPTA PERIOD

Introduction
Native Successors of Mauryas
Foreign Successors of Mauryas
Trade and Commerce
Post-Mauryan Administration
110-115
11

SATAVAHANAS

Origin
Polity
Important Rulers
Economy
Cheti’s of Kalinga
116-121
12

GUPTA EMPIRE

Sources
Political History
Administration
Economy
Culture
Religious Sects
Development of Science
Post-Gupta Period
Terminology
122-146
13

SCHOOLS OF ART

Gandhara School
Mathura School
Amaravati School
147-149
14

SOUTH INDIAN KINGDOMS

Pallavas (560-903 AD)
• Political History
• Art and Architecture
Chalukayas of Badami (543-755 AD)
• Political History
• Art and Architecture
Chalukyas of Kalyani
Rashtrakutas(753-982 AD)
• Early History
Cholas (848-1279 AD)
• Important Rulers
• Titles of Chola Kings
• Chola Art
• Terminology
150-164
 PART II - MEDIEVAL INDIA 
15CHRONOLOGY167-173
16

HISTORIANS OF MEDIEVAL INDIA

Important Foreign Travelers/Envoy:
Important Writers
174-183
17

SULTANS OF DELHI (1206-1526 AD)

Slave Dynasty (1206-1290 AD)
Khalji Dynasty (1290-1320 AD)
Tughlaq Dynasty (1320-1412 AD)
• Invasion by Timur
Sayyid Dynasty (1414-1451 AD)
Lodi Dynasty(1451-1526 AD)
Architecture
Various Departments
Officers and Their Duties
Taxes
Agrarian Condition
Books and Authors
184-195
18

SURI AND MUGHAL EMPIRES

Sur Empire (1540-1556)
• Sher Shah (1540-1545 AD)
• Sur Administration
Mughals
• Mughal Administration
• Mughal Architecture
• Mughal Paintings
• Mughal Literature
Agrarian Condition Under Sur and Mughal
Terminology
196-207
19

BAHMANIKINGDOM

Important Rulers
Bahmani Succession States
Books and Their Authors
Terminology
208-212
20

VIJAYANAGAR

Vijayanagar Dynasties
Travellers
Terminology
213-224
21

THE SAINTS OF MEDIEVAL INDIA

South India
Maharastra
North India
Religious Ideas
Sikh Gurus
225-236
22MUSLIM RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS237-239
23

MARATHAS

Maratha Confederacy
Terminology
Classical Writers in Indian Languages
240-246
24TERMINOLOGY247-256
 PART III - MODERN INDIA 
25CHRONOLOGY259-276
26

THE LATER MUGHALS

Decay of the Mughal Empire
Autonomous States
• Bengal
• Awadh
• Hyderabad
• Mysore
277-286
27EUROPEAN TRADING COMPANIES287-289
28

BATTLES AND WARS

Carnatic Wars
Battle Of Plassey
Battle Of Buxar
Anglo-Mysore Wars
Anglo-Maratha Wars
Anglo-Sikh Wars
290-297
29GOVERNOR GENERALS298-307
30

REVOLTS

Sepoy Mutinies
• The Revolt of 1857
• Vellore Mutiny
• Sepoy Mutinies Before the 1857 Revolt
Tribal Revolts
Civilian Revolts
308-323
31

JOURNALS, ORGANIZATIONS AND CONGRESS SESSIONS

Pre-Congress Organisations
Important Congress Sessions
Revolutionary Terrorism – Persons Associated
Leftist Organisations
Persons and their Associations
Various Titles
Journals
Books and Authors
324-339
32

SOCIO-RELIGIOUS REFORM MOVEMENTS

Hindu Reform Movements
Sikh Reform Movements
Parsi Movements
Muslim Movements
Caste Movements
340-352
33

NATIONALISM I

Rise of National Consciousness
Factors Contributing to Rise of Nationalism
Foundation of INC (1885)
Moderates and Extremists
Partition of Bengal (1905)
Surat Split (1907)
Revolutionary Terrorism – Phase I
Lucknow Session of INC (1916)
Home Rule Movement (1916-1919)
353-363
34

NATIONALISM II

Gandhi
• Gandhi in South Africa
• Gandhi in India
Khilafat and Non-Cooperation Movement (1919-22)
Peasant Movements and Nationalism
Indian Working Class and National Movement
Revolutionary Terrorism – Phase II
Formation of Swarajist Party
Simon Commission (1927)
Nehru Report (1928)
Lahore Congress and Purna Swaraj (1929)
Civil Disobedience Movement (1930)
Gandhi-Irwin Pact
Round Table Conferences
Communal Award (1932)
Poona Pact (1932)
28 Months of Congress Rule (1937-1939)
Individual Satyagraha (1940)
Cripps Mission (March 1942)
Quit India Movement (1942)
Wavell Offer or Shimla Offer (1945)
Indian National Army
Royal Indian Navy Revolt
Cabinet Mission Plan (1946)
Constituent Assembly
Mountbatten Plan (3rd June 1947)
Independence of India Act, 1947
364-397
35

POST INDEPENDENCE

Partition of India
Accession of Junagadh (1947)
Accession of Jammu And Kashmir (1947)
Accession of Hyderabad (1948)
First General Election and Lok Sabha
Planning Commission (1950)
Official Language
Linguistic Reorganization of States
Non-Alignment Movement (1961)
Indo-China War (1962)
Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 – 1964)
398-404
36ACTS DURING THE BRITISH RULE405-410
37FAMOUS PERSONALITIES OF MODERN INDIA411-430
38QUOTES IN MODERN INDIA431-460