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Preface

Dear Aspirants,

Our greetings. We are yet again introducing a book on Indian History. This book is mainly prepared to give the candidates the necessary information for Preliminary Examination.

One may think that necessary information is highly subjective as per the writer of the book. But if one has gone through the process of preparation and analysed the question pattern, then one can say with high certainty and objectivity what is necessary for the exams. It is based on this process that we have developed this book.

The facts and figures in History are unlimited. But understanding what to know and what not to know makes all the difference between success and failure. These are certain basic and necessary facts an aspirant has to know to crack this exam. In this book all the needed facts are given in an organized way. They are not just dry facts. Some important events are also associated with these facts. This will help your recollection.

Care has been taken to avoid mistakes. Bring it to our notice for correction if any mistakes are found. We respect your valuable suggestions. We thank T.Prabhu, K.Nivetha and E.Bhuvaneswari and the content team of Smart Leaders IAS who have contributed immensely for the preparation of this book.

Regards, S.SIVARAJAVEL - M.A.SADIK FOUNDER-DIRECTORS(SMART LEADERS IAS)

Table Of Content

CHAPTERSINDEXPAGE NO
 PART I - ANCIENT INDIA 
1CHRONOLOGY, FOREIGNERS’ ACCOUNT AND TERMINOLOGY8
2PRE-HISTORICCULTURE12
3INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION16
 Discovery16
 Characteristic Features16
 Special Features of Sites22
4VEDIC AGE31
 Vedic Literature33
 Rig Vedic Society36
 Later Vedic Society38
 Terminology43
5BUDDHISM47
 Chronology47
 Teachings of Buddhism49
 Buddhist Councils51
 Schism in Buddhism52
6JAINISM56
 Chronology56
 Preachings58
 Schism and Councils60
 Comparison of Buddhism and Jainism62
 Other Heterodox Sects63
7MAHAJANAPADAS64
 Magadhan Dynasties64
 Foreigners’ Invasions67
8MAURYAN EMPIRE69
 Sources69
 Inscriptions of Asoka73
 Contents of Edicts of Asoka76
 Asoka’s Dhamma77
 Mauryan Administration78
 Terminology84
9SANGAM AGE86
10POST-MAURYA or PRE-GUPTA PERIOD94
 Native Successors of Mauryas94
 Foreign Successors of Mauryas95
 Trade and Commerce97
 Post-Mauryan Administration97
11SATAVAHANAS99
12GUPTA EMPIRE105
 Sources105
 Political History106
 Administration109
 Economy110
 Culture112
 Religious Sects115
 Development of Science120
 Post-Gupta Period121
 Terminology123
13SCHOOLS OF ART127
 Gandhara School127
 Mathura School127
 Amaravati School128
14SOUTH INDIAN KINGDOMS130
 Pallavas (560-903 AD)130
 Political History130
 Art and Architecture132
 Chalukayas of Badami (543-755 AD)133
 Political History133
 Art and Architecture135
 Chalukyas of Kalyani136
 Rashtrakutas(753-982 AD)136
 Early History136
 Cholas (848-1279 AD)139
 Important Rulers139
 Titles of Chola Kings141
 Chola Art142
 Terminology142
 PART II - MEDIEVAL INDIA 
15CHRONOLOGY145
16TERMINOLOGY151
17HISTORIANS OF MEDIEVAL INDIA160
 Important Foreign Travelers/Envoy:160
 Important Writers163
18SULTANS OF DELHI (1206-1526 AD)168
 Slave Dynasty (1206-1290 AD)169
 Khalji Dynasty (1290-1320 AD)170
 Tughlaq Dynasty (1320-1412 AD)171
 Invasion by Timur173
 Sayyid Dynasty (1414-1451 AD)173
 Lodi Dynasty(1451-1526 AD)173
 Architecture174
 Various Departments174
 Officers and Their Duties175
 Taxes175
 Agrarian Condition176
 Books and Authors177
19SURI AND MUGHAL EMPIRES178
 Sur Empire (1540-1556)178
 Sher Shah (1540-1545 AD)178
 Sur Administration178
 Mughals179
 Mughal Administration184
 Mughal Architecture184
 Mughal Paintings185
 Mughal Literature185
 Agrarian Condition Under Sur and Mughal186
 Terminology187
20BAHMANIKINGDOM188
 Important Rulers188
 Bahmani Succession States190
 Books and Their Authors191
 Terminology191
21VIJAYANAGAR193
 Vijayanagar Dynasties193
 Travellers197
 Terminology199
22THE SAINTS OF MEDIEVAL INDIA203
 South India203
 Maharastra204
 North India206
 Religious Ideas210
 Sikh Gurus211
23MUSLIM RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS214
24MARATHAS217
 Maratha Confederacy218
 Terminology219
 Classical Writers in Indian Languages221
 PART III - MODERN INDIA 
25CHRONOLOGY224
26THE LATER MUGHALS242
 Decay of the Mughal Empire242
 Autonomous States247
 Bengal247
 Awadh248
 Hyderabad249
 Mysore249
27EUROPEAN TRADING COMPANIES250
28BATTLES AND WARS252
 Carnatic Wars252
 Battle Of Plassey253
 Battle Of Buxar253
 Anglo-Mysore Wars254
 Anglo-Maratha Wars256
 Anglo-Sikh Wars257
29GOVERNOR GENERALS259
30REVOLTS270
 Sepoy Mutinies270
 The Revolt of 1857270
 Vellore Mutiny274
 Sepoy MutiniesBefore the 1857 Revolt274
 Tribal Revolts274
 Civilian Revolts277
31BOOKS, ORGANIZATIONS AND CONGRESS SESSIONS279
 Books and Journals279
 Pre-Congress Organisations284
 Important Congress Sessions286
 Revolutionary Terrorism – Persons Associated287
 Leftist Organisations290
 Persons Associated With290
 Various Titles295
32SOCIO-RELIGIOUS REFORM MOVEMENTS296
 Hindu Reform Movements296
 Sikh Reform Movements301
 Parsi Movements301
 Muslim Movements302
 Caste Movements303
33NATIONALISM I306
 Rise of National Consciousness306
 Factors Contributing to Rise of Nationalism307
 Foundation of INC (1885)308
 Moderates and Extremists309
 Partition of Bengal (1905)310
 Surat Split (1907)311
 Revolutionary Terrorism – Phase I312
 Lucknow Session of INC (1916)313
 Home Rule Movement (1916-1919)313
34NATIONALISM II314
 Gandhi314
 Gandhi in South Africa314
 Gandhi in India315
 Khilafat and Non-Cooperation Movement (1919-22)315
 Peasant Movements and Nationalism317
 Indian Working Class and National Movement323
 Revolutionary Terrorism – Phase II325
 Formation of Swarajist Party327
 Simon Commission (1927)328
 Nehru Report (1928)329
 Lahore Congress and Purna Swaraj (1929)329
 Civil Disobedience Movement (1930)330
 Gandhi-Irwin Pact331
 Round Table Conferences331
 Communal Award (1932)332
 Poona Pact (1932)332
 28 Months of Congress Rule (1937-1939)333
 Individual Satyagraha (1940)334
 Cripps Mission (March 1942)334
 Quit India Movement (1942)335
 Wavell Offer or Shimla Offer (1945)336
 Indian National Army337
 Royal Indian Navy Revolt338
 Cabinet Mission Plan (1946)339
 Constituent Assembly340
 Mountbatten Plan (3rd June 1947)340
 Independence of India Act, 1947341
35POST INDEPENDENCE341
 Partition of India341
 Accession of Junagadh (1947)341
 Accession of Jammu And Kashmir (1947)342
 Accession of Hyderabad (1948)342
 First General Election and Lok Sabha342
 Planning Commission (1950)343
 Official Language344
 Linguistic Reorganization of States344
 Non-Alignment Movement (1961)345
 Indo-China War (1962)346
 Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 – 1964)346
36ACTS DURING THE BRITISH RULE346
37FAMOUS PERSONALITIES OF MODERN INDIA352

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